Charles handy Is a business writer who Is mostly accredited with anticipating changes on workplace. He uses the symbol of shamrock which Is a three leafed clove to describe the changing relationship between workers and organizations. It Is an organizational structure where a core of essential executives and workers are supported by outside contractors and part time help, this lead represents the organization with three types of workforce, having a main body and two connected obese that are a whole.
The first part of the leaf which is the main body is the core workers, they are highly qualified professionals and managers they are the ones who set the objectives and strategies of an organization. They have detailed knowledge of the company and how things are done, so basically they are the core to the survival and growth of the organization, they are hard to replace, and they receive rewarding financial pay and benefits, in return they are required to serve long working hours, and should have the flexibility needed to cope with any changes that might occur in n organization.
The number of employees go down (small core) but productivity and pay increase since organizations want to keep their costs down. The contractual fringe is the second part of shamrock, it consists of workers that provide services such as catering, advertisements, transport and computing they are done outside the organization by agencies they are paid a certain fees for doing a specific job, the way they do it is left to them their significance to the organization is based on the amount of output and the results. This parts takes a large proportion of the work.
The third part which is the flexible labor represents workers that don’t have a permanent job in the organization, they basically have a part time Job or temporary Job or seasonal work, they are poorly pays and since the organization shows them little loyalty towards them, they usually respond kind. The workers In this part of an organization usually do their work and leave and since they don’t have a permanent Job and work temporary they endure Job Insecurities and therefore they will be the first to lose heir jobs If the organization undergoes and economic downturn.
Another part that handy discuses and describes Is federalism and federal organization, federalism means reverse delegation, which means passing authority to the outlying bits, therefore reverse delegation Is passing authority to the centre. Which Is the opposite of centralization which indicates taking authority away from the outlying bit however federalism states giving authority to the centre. Outlying bits of an organization that these functions are basically reverse delegated to the centre. The senior management in the federal organization needs to provide motivation, vision, coordination and inspiration.
In the federal organization there is an essential feature which is subsidiaries which means it wrong and sinful for a person to take decisions away from a person and that a person should have his decision and shouldn’t be taken away from a person. For instance if your parents take control over the decisions you make like when to do your homework, the centre in this case is now your parents o if they steal your decision there is a big chance that they might be wrong and that the decision they made is a wrong decision, this shows that you are able to make the most of your abilities.
On the other hand if a global fast food franchise, and a decision where to be made about marketing, purchasing and managing corporate image, it would be right if it were controlled by the centre and to make sure that the brand image Is being controlled, managed effectively and the quality of this organization is the same these bits of organizations could be handed over to the centre.