By the end of this discussion, the students will be able to: Action Word -> Learning -> Criteria Example: By the end of this discussion, the students will be able to: Construct sound learning objectives for their own respective disciplines (Graded recitation/individual exercises) Remember the acronym, ART, when writing learning objectives: S – Specific M – Measurable A – Achievable R – Relevant T – Timely The Three Types of Learning There is more than one type of learning. A committee of colleges, led by Benjamin
Bloom (1956), identified three domains of educational activities: * Cognitive: mental skills (Knowledge) * Affective: growth in feelings or emotional areas (Attitude) * Psychosomatic: manual or physical skills (Skills) This compilation divides the three domains into subdivisions, starting from the simplest behavior to the most complex. The divisions outlined are not absolutes and there are other systems or hierarchies that have been devised in the educational and training world. However, Bloom’s taxonomy is easily understood and is probably the cost widely applied one in use today.
Cognitive Domain I Knowledge I Remember previously learned information. Comprehension I Demonstration and understanding of the Facts I Application I Apply knowledge to actual situations. I Analysis I Break down objects or ideas into simpler parts and find evidence to support generalizations. I Synthesis I Compile component ideas into a new whole or propose alternative solutions. I Evaluation I Make and defend judgments based on internal evidence or external criteria. I