Margaret Thatcher or otherwise called Margaret Hilda Roberts, was born as a daughter of a grocer in Grantham, Lincolnshire in 13th October 1925. She was educated in Oxford University in chemistry and became a Research chemist. She got married to a rich business person called Denis Thatcher in the year of 1951and became a mother of two children. She became a barrister in the year 1954. Thatcher became conservative member of the parliament for Finchley in North London in 1959 and was the Member of Parliament till 1992. Junior minister of pensions was her first parliament positioning Harold Macmillan’s government.
Then she gained numerous positions during the power of the Labour government of Edward Heath. When Heath became prime minister, Thatcher was the secretary of education. Thatcher won the party leadership against Heath and went on to become the prime minister in the 1979 general election. Thatcher’s policy of privatisation of state owned industries, reformed trade unions, reductions in tax and social expenditure lowered the inflation made her the British prime minister three consecutive times. She was called “IRON LADY” by the soviets for foreign affairs policies and her strong mistrust against communism.
In the year 1990, she was forced to resign as prime minister and party secretary position succeeded by John Major. She left politics in the year of 1992 but she is one of the greatest leaders of twentieth century and Thatcherism is of huge influence worldwide The lesson from the life and leadership of Thatcher shows the 21st century human resource manager that leadership comes with great commanding power, strong personality and using the resources to the great extent. Barack Obama one of the greatest leaders of 21st century, was born as a son of a Kenyan father and a American mother at Honolulu, Hawaii in August 4th 1961.
Coming from a multiracial background, he created a history by becoming the forty fourth president of the United States of America and he is the first Afro American to achieve this great feet. Obama has worked as a community organiser, a civil rights attorney, a constitutional law professor, a state senator and then became a U. S senator. Obama organised a voter registration drive in the year of 1992 which registered about 150,000 registrations and became most successful voter registration drive in history. This led Obama to get selected Illinois state senate.
He served in the Illinois state senate for three consecutive terms from 1997 to 2004. Obama came into limelight with his great inspiring speech against the Bush government on 2004 July democratic national convention. The people who attended the convention found a emerging statesman in Obama. He is great orator who keeps crowd in stand for hours together. Obama is a great writer too. Barack Obama is follower of Christianity even though his father was a Muslim. Obama held various posts till the year of 2006. He gave priority to education during his senate period.
For Obama every US citizen has the right to know how their tax money is used. In November 4th 2008, Obama was elected as the president of United States which was celebrated not only in America but world wide. The success of Barack Obama says that the leadership is about the hard work, dedication, commitment and the way you communicate to the people around you. Cultural Dimensions “Culture is more often a source of conflict than of synergy. Cultural differences are a nuisance at best and often a disaster. ” Prof. Geert Hofstede, Emeritus Professor, Maastricht University. isted below
Power Distance Index is the extent to what the low power members of institutions and organizations expect and accept that the power is shared unequally. It shows inequality, but when defined not from above and from below,. It would suggest a society’s level of inequality is empowered by the leaders so by the followers. The highly fundamental facts are Power and of any society and people with international experience will know the fact ‘all societies are unequal, but some are more unequal than others’. Individualism when kept on one side against its opponent collectivism that becomes the degree to which individuals are integrated into groups.
The relationship ties between the individuals are weak in societies on the individualist side in which everybody is expected to look after themselves and their immediate family. The relationship ties between the individuals are strong on the collectivist side, the societies in which people from birth onwards are integrated into strong, cohesive in-groups, often extended families which protect them in exchange for unquestioning loyalty. The word ‘collectivism’ means the group, not the state. The issue addressed here is an extremely fundamental one, regarding all societies in the world.
When we combine the Interpretation of poem by Ella Wheeler Wilcox and the life of the four great leaders Nelson Mandela, Mahatma Gandhi, Margaret Thatcher and Barack Obama shows that shared value, skill, management of staff, spirituality, and style is what people expect from a leader. This teaches the 21st century human resource manager to be sharing, open to human values, hard working, dedicated, sacrificing, spiritual but not religious, good in communicating, keeping the word, committed and commanding, strong in the views and caring.
With all these characters and should not leave his own self as a compromise to achieve things. The life study of these leaders shows that whenever they been against their own self they have failed. This study shows and makes 21st century HR manager to follow the leadership qualities of all these leaders and especially Barack Obama who is the leader of future with a amicable personality which is accepted worldwide.