When assessing a child’s development there are various factors that may affect them. These could be: Emotional wellbeing physical Impairment Learning difficulties Health Status Home life circumstances Genetic influences It is important to be able to adapt the tasks to the child’s abilities. For example, if a child were not engaging in an activity because they are upset it would be better to assess the child on another day, as they are unlikely to perform it to the standard they would normally be able to.
In the same sense, someone that has a physical usability may need to have extra equipment provided to perform tasks. 1. 3 There are various methods of assessment used these are: Method Description Narrative Descriptive/running record Video recording Tape recording Tape and transcript Diary description Anecdotal record Target child Most common. Attempts to record everything that happens as it happens in lots of detail.
Using a prepared chart Making a sequence of short observations in the hope that you can see a various areas of development. Event Sampling Used to observe a certain area of a child or young person’s development when ever it occurs Checklist Using a prepared list of skills Carried out using a prepared list which could use scales such as cannot, can do, can do well Diagrammatic charts Pie charts, flow diagrams, isograms, bar charts and growth charts Easy and accessible. Can be used to plot height and weight etc.
Standardized tests They are used to assess every child at EYES level and in various ages and subject such as literacy, math and cognitive skills. Information from parents, careers and colleagues Parents and careers will know best as to how their child plays and performs at home but it can be subject to bias. Task 4 2. 3 Children have their own thoughts and feelings and therefore it is important to take a person-centered and inclusive approach. It enables us to adapt to the needs of individuals and put their needs into context.
Every child will have their own interests and if possible we should cater a learning experience that is related to such interests. For example, if children were showing a particular interest in space at the time, it would be appropriate to teach them about space and theme their core work around space (space poems, stories about space, using planets as counters etc. ) 3. 1 An environment that promotes development should: Be stimulating and attractive In order to be able to explore it should provide a large range of different stimuli.
Be well planned and organized Children may have individual needs and as such it is appropriate to prepare the environment for their needs Be personal and inclusive Children will have their own interests, skills and strengths so communicating with Encourage and practice participation Communicating with children about what they want to achieve is important so they can work towards their own goals successfully Meet regulatory requirements and allow high quality policies There are policies, guidelines and laws that are put in place to ensure that practitioners know their part.
Be varied There should be a range of activities available to appease varying interest. They should be changed and refreshed to ensure children do not become bored. Meet individual and group needs It is important to find a balance between catering for the needs of individuals and the group as a whole. Provide appropriate risk and challenge Children learn from mistakes and it is important to allow them to calculate such risks n order for them to develop Involve parents and careers where appropriate Developing good relationships with parents and careers is important to make sure children feel supported 5. There are many different ways to support positive behavior each with their own drawbacks and strengths. Least Restrictive Principle refers to the idea that exploration encourages development and therefore if you allow greater freedom their behavior will be more positive when necessary; although it may not always be the case and challenging behavior may require physical intervention. Modeling encourages self-reflective behavior and asking individuals how they should have been behaving, as they often know how to act correctly.
Positive culture encourages children to express their emotions. This should always be met with a calm and positive demeanor. This approach can however be emotionally draining on an adult. Looking for reasons as to why a child is acting inappropriately ensures that the behavior is conceptualized. Therefore a response can be adapted to the individual’s situation. Often if a child is distressed it may be appropriate to distract them and divert them to a different activity. Providing boundaries is necessary in order for children to understand which behavior is and isn’t acceptable.
It is important to be consistent as children will push the boundaries at times; but responding to all inappropriate behavior as set out will ensure they understand your rules. 6. 1 their life in order for them to understand that we acknowledge their situation and will support them through difficult times. This may be a case of a child moving house; in this situation we could have a circle time in which a story about moving house is read and the group is asked about their own experiences with moving house.