Coastal cities in these zones would be highly vulnerable to flooding during storms and rising EAI levels in the future. Weeks article argues that super storms like Hurricane Strain can cause massive devastation along the coastline which proves her point that hurricanes like Strain and super storm Sandy can do to these coastal cities like New Orleans, New York and New Jersey. Jennifer Weeks argues that rising sea levels will increase in coming decades due to climate change.
The Intergovernmental Panel (EPIC) on climate change last major assessment estimated that the warming of Earth’s surface would raise global sea levels seven to twenty-four inches by the year 2100. However, in her article a German search team published a peer-review article and found the world’s oceans were rising sixty percent faster than the EPIC projects, which did not account of the effects of the melting ice sheets in Antarctica and Greenland. Based on these findings the author estimates sea levels would rise between twenty inches and three feet by the year 2100.
I am in agreement with her article that these factors continue to contribute to sea level rise due to thermal expansion: as ocean water warms, it expands. The second is from the contribution of land-based ice due to increased melting. The major store of eater on land is found in glaciers and ice sheets. The risks posed by sea-level rise highlight the importance of employing strategies to protect the public against catastrophic losses due to coastal development on coastal regions in states like New York, New Jersey and New Orleans in the future .
For coastal hazards, her article argues that it is important to have federal emergency management plans in advance so agencies can respond quickly and effectively. If they have better plans it will create a faster recovery time that will ensure economic, social, and environmental life back to its original state. Hurricane Strain was a national eye opener on how on the risk of improper risk management between federal, state, and local governments as Weeks points out in her article.
The author explains how the nature of the federal system and its policies, often conflict with one another between both private and public agencies in addition to mandated mitigation programs going unfunded. Communication between these governments is essential in coordinating an effective response through mitigation. In Weeks article, she argues that the Federal government and states need to manage over-development In tense coastal communities. I am In agreement Walt assessment that the Federal government policies often conflict with one another, especially between federal agencies.
As a result of Hurricane Strain, Congress overhauled FEM. in 2006 by directing it to improve it logistics and information systems and required all future administrators to have direct knowledge of emergency management and executive experience. The ongoing debate continues when New York Governor Common argues that many federal polices promote coastal development without considering flooding and storm hazards. Weeks makes a valid argument that many federal policies promote coastal placement without considering flooding, storm hazards, and rising sea levels in these coastal communities.
Case in point, Weeks article argues that the Federal Highway Administration does not have any policies in place to assess flood and storm risks before it rebuilds a highway. Furthermore, federal tax credits and development incentives do not differentiate between coastal and inland locations. Furthermore her article argues that FEM. does not factor in the sea level rise into its mapping practices resulting in no consideration of potential sea level change in every coastal community. In contrast, Weeks points out that the Army Corps of Engineers requires project managers to consider potential sea-level change in every coastal activity.
Jennifer Weeks argues that due to the nature of the federal system and its policies, federal agencies often conflict with one another, especially agencies like FEM. and the Army COO. According to Weeks article another problem arises with the government policy such as “The Stafford act aid” which promotes the rebuilding of home in these coastal communities rather than making objective decisions about changes that need o made based on rising sea levels. In conclusion, the author argues that today’s scientists expect high-density Oceanside coastal communities such as Atlantic Beach, N. Y. An be heavily devastated by Hurricanes like Super storm Sandy. Her article continues to argue that coastal cities are increasingly threatened by intense storms and rising sea levels due to climate change. Furthermore, environmentalists and taxpayer groups want the government to stop encouraging coastal development. Weeks argues that future storms could be even worse because of climate change, which is raising global sea levels. In her article, the debate continues with experts arguing that to make coastlines better able to withstand extreme weather, storm-damaged houses in vulnerable zones should not be rebuilt.
The article argues that many federal policies promote coastal development without considering flooding and storm hazards and the Federal government’s response to its Aftermath. Weeks article argues that is important to have federal and state emergency management plans in advance so federal agencies can respond quickly and effectively during the aftermath of these super storms. Weeks article argues her point that due to the nature of the Federal system and its policies, Federal agencies often conflict with one another, especially agencies like FEM. and the Army COO.
According to Weeks article, development on city coastlines poses a grave danger in the coming decades from the combination of sea level rise and storms. When coastal development is built too close to the shore, the results can be devastating as vengeance Day recent nearness sun super storm sandy an a Hurricane Catalan. Jennifer Weeks article argues two simple concepts which must be followed: Do not lid a house that will be underwater in the next 50 years and Do not build a house that will be knocked down by a storm.
These two basic principles are seldom followed today and when they are not, the costs can be human lives and billions of dollars. Jennifer Weeks article argues that during the aftermath of a large storm hitting coastal communities like New York and New Jersey, the knee Jerk reaction is to begin rebuilding in these coastal areas which is often financed with public money. Once a coastal community has been developed, rebuilding efforts often focus on outing things back the way they were rather than making objective decisions about changes that need to be made based on the rising sea levels.