Communities face the problems of inadequate funding for basic infrastructures, rapid rate of population growth and relocation, which lead to slums, urban sprawl, depletion and intensive exploitation of natural resources. Nigeria is Africans most populated nation with a current population of 150 millions persons (2006 population census). Nigeria cities such as Lagos, Baja, Kane, Abidjan, Ensue, Port Harcourt, Sudan and Callback grow mainly through rural-urban migration. This arbitration process has outpaced the existing urban management system.
The 1996 world report on Nigeria indicated that the growth rate of urban area has increased from 20% in 1910 to 33% in 1993. It is also projected that by the year 2025, 75% of Insignia’s population of about 245 million persons is expected to live in towns and cities (1996 World Bank report on Nigeria). This rapidity in the rate of arbitration is so overwhelming that it generally far exceeds the speed with which urban managers are able to respond to the dynamics of arbitration due to inadequate or lack of facilities, resources and abilities at their disposal.
The rural areas in Nigeria are environments without the basic amenities to meet psychological and physiological needs of human living. Generally, rural communities according to Hoar, Horal, spears, Swanson, Lapping Ana willower (AY) are characterized by population size; distance from urban centers, isolation, relatively homogeneous culture, natural resources based economy and strong sense of local identity. In this study emphasis will be laid on the housing challenges of rural areas and the prospect of a better rural development