Business: Economics and Resources

All economic questions are about A) how to make money. B) what to produce. C) how to cope with scarcity. D) how to satisfy all our wants. 2) An incentive A) could be a reward but could not be a penalty. B) could be a penalty but could not be a reward. C) could be either a reward or a penalty. D) is the opposite of a tradeoff. 3) An inducement to take a particular action is called A) the marginal benefit. B) the marginal cost. C) opportunity cost. D) an incentive. 4) All economic questions arise because we A) want more than we can get.

B) want more than we need. C) have an abundance of resources. D) have limited wants that need to be satisfied. 5) The most fundamental economic problem is A) security. B) scarcity. C) health. D) the fact the United States buys more goods from foreigners than we sell to foreigners. 6) Economics is best defined as the study of how people, businesses, governments, and societies A) choose abundance over scarcity. B) make choices to cope with scarcity. C) use their infinite resources. D) attain wealth. 7) Scarcity is a situation in which B) most people can get only bare necessities.

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C) people can satisfy all their wants. D) some people can get all they want and some cannot. 8) Scarcity arises from A) inefficient production. B) exploration. C) limited resources and limitless wants. D) limited wants and limitless resources. 9) Scarcity can be eliminated through A) the use of market mechanisms. B) exploration that helps us find new resources. C) wise use of our resources. D) None of the above because scarcity cannot be eliminated. 10) As an economic concept, scarcity applies to A) both money and time. B) money but not time. C) time but not money. D) neither time nor money. 1) Economics is best defined as A) how people make money and profits in the stock market. B) making choices from an unlimited supply of goods and services. C) making choices with unlimited wants but facing a scarcity of resources. D) controlling a budget for a household. 12) The study of the choices made by individuals is part of the definition of A) microeconomics. B) positive economics. C) macroeconomics. D) normative economics. 13) One topic of study for a microeconomics would be the A) factors that lead to inflation. B) factors that affect aggregate unemployment.

C) effects an increase in the price of gasoline has on an individual. D) effects of an increase in government spending on the nation’s production. 14) The branch of economics that deals with the analysis of the whole economy is called A) macroeconomics. B) marginal analysis. C) microeconomics. D) metro analysis. B) how many television sets to produce C) the unemployment rate for the entire economy D) the unemployment rate for each firm 16) Which of the following is NOT a factor of production? A) the water used to cool a nuclear power plant. B) the effort of farmers raising cattle. C) the wages paid to workers.

D) the management skill of a small business owner. 7) Which of the following are considered factors of production used to produce goods and services? I. Land II. Labor Ill. Capital IV. Entrepreneurship A) I and II only B) I and Ill only C) l, II and Ill only D) l, II, Ill and 18) The income earned by the people who sell the services of the factor of production is called . A) capital; rent B) entrepreneurship; wages C) land; profit D) entrepreneurship; profit 19) Factors of production include all of the following EXCEPT made in past years B) money C) entrepreneurship D) an wheat field that is not irrigated .

A) machines 0) Which of the following best defines capital as a factor of production? A) The gifts of nature that businesses use to produce goods and services. B) The knowledge and skills that people obtain from education and use in production of goods and services. C) Financial assets used by businesses. D) Instruments, machines, and buildings used in production. 21) In economics, the term “land” means A) only land that is used in agricultural production. B) land, mineral resources, and nature’s other bounties. C) land that is devoted to economic pursuits. D) land used for agricultural and urban purposes. A) land B) labor

C) capital D) entrepreneurship 23) In economics, the term “capital” refers to A) the money in one’s pocket. B) buildings and equipment. C) mineral resources. D) consumer goods. 24) The economic resource that organizes the use of other economic resources is A) labor. B) capital. C) entrepreneurship. D) land. 25) Overtime worked is considered B) entrepreneurship; profit. C) human capital; interest. D) labor; profit and earns . A) labor; wages. 1) What is the difference between scarcity and poverty? Answer: Scarcity exists when availability is less than people want. Poverty exists when availability is less than people need.

Everyone suffers scarcity; only an unfortunate minority suffers poverty. 2) What is the difference between microeconomics and macroeconomics? Answer: Microeconomics studies the decisions of smaller economic actors, such as individual consumers or individual firms, and how the government can affect these decisions, say through how it regulates an industry. Macroeconomics studies the aggregate, or economy-wide, consequences of the decisions made by individuals and firms. Macroeconomics also studies the aggregate effects of government policies, such as the Federal Reserves decisions to raise or lower interest rates.