Child Development

Stages of child Development and Related Developmental Theories Physical development Age I Gross Motor Skills I 2-3 years I Walks more rhythmically; hurried walk changes to run. Jumps, hops, throw, and catches with rigid upper body. Pushes riding toy with feet; little steering. | 3-4 years I Walks up stairs, alternating feet, and down stairs, leading with one foot. Lumps and hops, flexing upper body. Throws and catches with slight involvement of upper body; still catches by trapping ball against chest.

Pedals and steers tricycle, I -5 years I Walks down stairs, alternating feet; runs more smoothly. Gallops and skips with one foot. Throws ball with Increased body rotation and transfer of weight on feet; catches ball with hands_Rides tricycle rapidly; steers smoothly. I I Increases running speed to 12 feet per second. Gallops more smoothly; 5-6 years engages In true skipping and sideways stepping. Delays mature, whole-body throwing and catching pattern; increases throwing speed. Rides bicycle with training wheels. I 7-12 years I Increases running speed to more than 18 feet per second.

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Delays continuous, fluid skipping and sideways stepping. Alliances vertical Jump from 4 to 12 inches and broad jump from 3 to over 5 feet; accurately jumps and hops from square to square. Alliances throwing and kicking accuracy, distance, and spotlessness the whole body In batting a ball; batting Increases In speed and accuracy. Dribbling changes from awkward slapping of the ball to continuous, relaxed, even stroking I Source from: Laura E. Beer(2006). Physical Growth. Child Development Seventh Edition. P. G. 175