Lack of motivation What to do to overcome the impediments to the development of tourism in their Environments………. Conclusion Bibliography Development of Tourism Products and Bangladesh is a beautiful surprise to the tourists who come to visit the country. Not a great number of tourists come to visit Bangladesh; and who comes usually brings in his/her mind a conceptual wrong image of the country. This image has been built in them by the international news media over the years.
These news media are not ready to update their information about Bangladesh. They like to think, the country is owe still like what it was in asses after the nine-month long devastating Liberation War. They cautiously avoid telling the world bright side of Bangladesh and at the same time more than eager to portray the seamy side of it. When the tourists find Bangladesh Spartan opposite to the idea of the country they have brought with them, they become surprised. Ours can be increased ten folds of our present performance, without any adverse effect on the nature and culture of the country, if a down to earth strategy and planning for the development of tourism is drawn out; and the responsibility of implementing of the strategy is given on the people, who are motivated for the purpose, and who will take their Job not as merely a livelihood, but as a mission. In a country like ours, where everything must originate from the top to see success, the initiative to develop tourism must come from the head of the Government.
And he/ she must be one, who will not only read the speech written by someone else for him/ her with full nice words, but who will possess depth knowledge in tourism. Bangladesh has a variety of attractions for visitors, tourists and holidays. These include archaeological sites, historical mosques and monuments, resorts, beaches, hill, communities, forests, flora and fauna. Bangladesh offers ample opportunities to tourists for angling, rowing, Jungle trekking, sun and sea-bathing and above all to be in amidst the pristine nature.
Located And Physical Features: Located in north-eastern part of South Asia, Bangladesh lies between 20 degree 34 inch and 26 degree 36 inch north latitude and 88 degree 01 inch and 92 degree 41 east longitudes. The mighty Himalayas stand to the northern ramparts, while the southern frontier is guarded by the Bay of Bengal. On the west lies the expansive Gigantic Plains (West Bengal) of India and on the eastern frontier lies almost untutored forest of Manner and India. These picturesque geographical boundaries delineate out a low lying plain of about 1, 47,570 sq. M crisis-crossed by innumerable brooks, rivers, rivulets and streams. Mighty rivers the Pads, Paramount, Meghan, stretched high above, and the green and silvery landscape runs far and beyond. This is Bangladesh, a fertile land where nature is still unpolluted. Much of the country land area has been built up from alluvial deposits brought down by the major rivers. The country is mostly flat except for a range of hills in the south- east. It is characterized by wooded marshy lands and Jungles with deep forest regions in Sylphs, Reanimating, Chagrining, and Bandanna Hill districts, Sandbars, Enmeshing and Tangling.
Summary Of the Global Tourism Tourism is the world’s largest and fastest growing sector, accounting for almost 11% of global gross domestic product and more than 8% of global employment (one in every 12 Jobs). The United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNTO) forecasts that the number of international tourist arrivals will reach at 1. Billion by 2020, spending a total of SIS$ 2 trillion in that year. This represents more than double the international arrivals recorded in 2003, with expected expenditures nearly four times more than the global expenditures in 2002.
Tourism in the developing world is Travel intentions Survey (2007) Jointly released by Visa Travel International and Pacific Asia Travel Association (PAT) shows that of those who planned to travel internationally in the next two years, 52% planned to visit Asia. PAT forecasts that international arrivals to Asia Pacific will continue to grow at about 6% a year to 2009. Travel and tourism hold the biggest potential for Job creation across the world. In EX. countries, close to 9 million people currently work in the tourism sector.
The tourism industry is a major player in all EX. countries: 2 million tourism businesses, mainly small and medium enterprises, generating 5. 5 percent of the Union’s GAP and 30 percent of external trade in services. In national bookkeeping inbound tourism is treated as an export item as it earns foreign exchange for a country. When a foreign tourist visits a country he is an inbound tourist for that country he is visiting; and an outbound tourist for the entry he has come from.
For many coastal, tropical, developing countries, tourism plays an important role in the economy often representing the major source of employment, foreign exchange earnings, and national government revenue. The main source of foreign exchange earning in Egypt, Maldives, Mauritius, Caribbean and Pacific island countries in tourism. Characteristics of Tourism and Bangladesh Tourism has many facets such as, holiday/pleasure tourism, business tourism, Visiting friends and relatives tourism, beach tourism, echo-tourism, culture and heritage tourism, urban tourism, rural tourism, pilgrimage tourism, medical tourism etc.
To strengthen its economy and create Jobs for its unemployed and underemployed workforce and thus benefit its low and middle-income people, Bangladesh may choose to develop echo-tourism, culture and heritage tourism, urban tourism, rural tourism at the sustainable level. To reap the benefits from tourism, Bangladesh is to go for responsible tourism, which means responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of the local people.
A responsible tourist takes utmost care that his visit to a place must not have adverse effect on the nature and culture of that place; and at the same time the local people of the place must be benefited from his visit. Irresponsible tourism in the Lapin of Finland has almost destroyed the lap culture. Slowly become unfriendly to the tourists; moreover, they have the right to be benefited from tourism activities at their place. Frequent tourist visits disturb the harmony of daily life of the local people; they must get compensated for that.
In Bangladesh we see that local people get little benefit from the tourism activities at their localities. For example, inhabitants of the SST. Martin Island or of the villages around Paramour Monastery get little trickle down benefit from the chaotic tourism activities which have been going on at tree. When local people get involved with the tourism activities in their locality, a sense of ownership of the tourist attractions at their place grows in them; which in its turn make them aware to protect and keep the attractions. Responsible tourism may change the scenario at SST.
Martin and Paramour. Responsible tourists are interested in nature, culture and heritage of the country they visit, and not interested in the seamy sides of tourism. An overview of the Present State of Tourism in Bangladesh With all the opportunity to flourish, tourism in Bangladesh has been going on at a very low level. Only 200,311 foreign tourists came to visit Bangladesh in the year of 2006. 67. 22 percent of them came for business and official purpose. Only 32. 78 percent came on holidaying purpose, or visit tourist attractions of the country.
The contribution of the earning from tourism to the country’s GAP is only . 34 percent. A businessman or an official from a multinational organization when come to Bangladesh is considered as a tourist, as according to the definition of a tourist given y United Nations world tourism Organization (UNTO), who “travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited. Where dose our initiative for the development of tourism stands at this moment may become clear from making a comparison between the tourism performances of Bangladesh and Cambodia, not so far a neighbor of ours, during recent years. 171,961 tourists came to visit Bangladesh in 1998; in the same year around ninety six thousand went to visit Cambodia. The main tourist attraction in Cambodia is the temple known as Angora Watt in Siam Reap town. Built in the 12th century, Angora Watt was originally a Hindu temple, later turned on into Buddhist temple.
Of about three hundred thousand foreign visitors Bangladesh received in the year of 2007, most were business and official tourists; a big number of them were originally Bangladesh economy is progressing in moderate pace. During the last three years the GAP growth rate in the country was above six percent. As the economy of the country will progress the number of the business and official tourist to the country ill be increasing every year. Those who are responsible to develop tourism in Bangladesh have no scope to take slightest credit from this increasing number of visitors.
Whether they are there or not, the number of business and official tourists to Bangladesh will be increasing year by year. Prospect of Tourism in Bangladesh Bangladesh, with its great potential in tourism, may increase the number of tourist visiting the country to the tune of two million in next five years. The single latest Buddhist monastery in the world, the Paramour Maverick, built in the eighth entry AD, is located in Bangladesh. The monastery is a world heritage designated by the UNESCO.
The till now discovered twenty eight ruins of Buddhist monasteries and temples of 6th to 1 lath centuries at Amniotic are great attractions to the tourists interested in ancient civilization, archaeology and Buddhism. The largest Mangrove forest, the Sandbars, is in Bangladesh. The forest also a natural world heritage site is the largest home to the Royal Bengal Tiger. The second largest mangrove forest is in Malaysia, which is one-tenth of the size of the Sandbars. The Royal Bengal Tiger of the Sandbars is the most ferocious and cunning animal on earth.
Trekking in this forest afoot or by boat is an experience of a lifetime. Bangladesh itself is the Largest bay and the youngest delta in the world, stands on the world largest bay, the Bay of Bengal. The most beautiful sunset in the world one can watch in Bangladesh. The longest unbroken sea beach in Bangladesh may attract beach lovers across the world. The evergreen rural Bangladesh, crisscrossed by rivers, may be the paradise for the people, who love to experience serene rural life.