Stages of child development

College Composition Kaplan University Proof. Cosgrave In Early Child Development, childcare givers should know the specific stages of children from birth to around 1 lyres old. Pigged suggested that there were four major cognitive stages in logical development, corresponding to four successive forms of knowledge. During each of these stages, children were hypothesized to think and reason in a different way.

These stages, and their approximate ages of occurrence, were: the sensory-motor period (0-2 years), the period of pre-operations (2-7 years), the period of concrete operations (7-11 years) and the period of formal operations (11-12 years on). Through these stages that interact with the cognitive theory of learning, these stages identify “how much ” children can actually learn at different ages. Ex; Birth -rays old must be able to identify something first before they play with it” (mismatch. ,(4/26/2011) Cognitive Theory is only one learning strategy that receivers can use .

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There are also Social Cognitive Learning Constructive Learning Each technique is different in its approach to simplify the learning process for educators and focusing on the “play” process of learning for the young children. In 1914 Thornier Watson, tried to show in the “laws of learning” that young children were identical to those in other species. “Social Cognitive theories reflect the natural tendencies of individuals to alter personal behaviors based on the observed behavior of others”(Shocking,Ellen Spooky. , 1999).

When working with Social Cognitive techniques, the teacher or teacher aide are using personal behaviors based on observation of the young students. This gives them a “natural” observation, but they need to be careful of students competing against each other for the teachers attention. “Constructive Learning” is usually used in special education areas of learning. This technique use “focused attention” in a relationship between the educator and the student. Detail in this technique is less important, it is rather the focus on detail that is used in this technique.

The American Heritage Dictionary defines the word cognition as; the mental process of knowing, including aspects such as awareness, perception, reasoning and Judgment (Cognition). Piglet’s Cognitive Developmental theory was a unique concept at the time of its inception. It was the first in depth theory on the subject and remained the standard of the field for quite some time. Pigged recognized that the acquisition of each new way of thinking would not necessarily be synchronous across all the different domains of thought.

Instead, he argued that the chronology of the stages eight be extremely variable, and that such variability might also occur within a given s GE Inns ten ages AT talented Tanat Planet gave Tort ten Deterrent cognitive stages are only approximations (Swami, 2001). In the sensor motor stage the child is concerned with gaining motor control and learning about the physical world (Evans, 1973). This stage promotes that thought is based primarily on action. Assume that Piglet’s theory of children’s cognitive development during sensor motor period in tertiary circular reaction at 1 year of age is correct.

Explain why it would be fruitless to tell a child not to worry, your mother Just went downstairs to the laundry room, she’ll be back in a minute. According to Bowl, when threatened, humans, like other primate groups, probably cooperated to drive off the predators and protect the sick and young. To gain this protection, children needed to stay close to the adults. If a child lost contact, he or she could be killed. Thus children must have evolved attachment behaviors-gestures and signals that promote and maintain proximity to retakes.

It would be fruitless to tell a 1 year old that their mother will be back in a minute because babies more so at that age cannot think logically or coherently. According to Pigged, children utilize illogical thought to problem-solve, even with a great amount of cognitive information. In this case, the baby discriminated the lack of physical and visual stimulation when the mother was absence resulting in distress. Initially, babies’ social responsiveness is indiscriminate. For example, they will smile t any face or cry for any person who leaves.

Between about 3 and 6 months of age, however, babies narrow their responsiveness to a few familiar people, and are then wary of strangers. Phase 3(months-arrears) talked about a baby going through a period called separation anxiety. Increased intense and exclusive behavior then occurs when the mother leaves or greets the child before and after being away for a brief time. At stage 5, sensory-motor development, an infant experiments with different actions to observe the different outcomes.