The second stage a child should go through is learning self-occurrences versus shame of learn or show his/her knowledge. This stage goes around two to four years old. To be self-secure, the child should show a good balance, sense of independent, and trust on his/her capabilities. If the child Is not care, loved and helped It will reflect a kind of rebel, stubbornness and will reflect that Is not well parented. The third stage Is the learning Annihilative versus guilt. This stage covers the ages four to seven years old (play age).
This Is a stage where child’s Imagination should be “flying”. During this stage the child would learn how to play and share with same age kids. If the child does not get involved in age related (appropriate) activities and rather to be next to an adult and do not have play and/or social habits is a clearly representation of a non-healthy behavior which in this stage is called guilty. The four stage is the industry versus inferiority. In this stage, children acquire the essential life skills.
Child should interact with friends/ peers, follow rules, play and have his/her own group of friends. They also develop he sense of responsibility and become more disciplined. But, the mistrusting child with a sense of inferiority have not certainty of what is happening around him/her or what Is to come. The shame, inferiority, guilt and many kind of negative behaviors are reflected during this stage. The fifth stage Is learning Identity versus Identity diffusion. This stage occurs happen around the fourteen to twenty years old. This Is when the young adult recognize who he/she is.
What wants to do, what does not want to do and reflects a positive attitude, aspirations, dreams and more, while the insecure one seems kind of lost. The sixth stage is learning intimacy versus isolation. The ones who had develop a strong background and possess a good and healthy self- esteem are successful adults with strong families while the ones which possess a weak and totally different background rather to be alone and have difficult to acquire a family and organization. The seventh stage is the generatively versus self- absorption.
This stage Is the reflection of real responsibility like take care of their own children, families and generations to come and the eight (final) stage of social placement Is Integrity versus despair which Is defined by the habits and behavior and reflects the maturity of a human being. Is teacher’s responsibility to provide children a quality social development Instruction and Is also responsible of Involve every child on class on the social development process. Teacher should create the classroom activities/strategies.
As teachers, we should teach students to work together and form groups to expose them to interact with other people. Teachers should encourage the right behavior in classroom and home. When you point out a good behavior or something good in classroom like participation, important and right opinions it feels good and the child will try to do it more often. This promotes other students good behavior, participation and positive conduct because they would like to be recognized and or praised for their efforts. (Darers,J. C. (2011). I think that we are great models for children.