Tourism Development in Globalisation Era

Proponents live that globalization has the potential to create greater opportunities for growth throughout the world, benefiting the developed nations while leveling the playing field everywhere else; opponents of globalization believe that it will merely increase the opportunities for the wealthier nations to take advantage of the poorer ones and, furthermore, could eradicate regional diversity and lead to a homogeneity world culture. Http://searchers. Technocrat. Com/ Human societies across the globe have established progressively closer contacts over any centuries, but recently the pace has dramatically increased.

Jet airplanes, cheap telephone service, email, computers, huge oceangoing vessels, instant capital flows, all these have made the world more interdependent than ever. Multinational corporations manufacture products in many countries and sell to consumers around the world. Money, technology and raw materials move ever more swiftly across national borders. Along with products and finances, ideas and cultures circulate more freely. As a result, laws, economies, and social movements are forming at the international level.

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Many politicians, academics, and Journalists treat these trends as both inevitable and (on the whole) welcome. But for billions of the world’s people, business-driven globalization means uprooting old ways of life and threatening livelihoods and cultures. The global social Justice movement, itself a product of globalization, proposes an alternative path, more responsive to public needs. Intense political disputes will continue over globalization meaning and its future direction. Http://www. Glaciological. Org/index. P Travel and tourism are among the many causes and results of globalization processes. Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure, or business purposes. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people “traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes”. (“UNTO technical manual: Collection of Tourism Expenditure Statistics” http://pub. Unto. Org/Webfoot/Store/Shops/lionfish/ Products/1034/1034-1 . PDF . World Tourism Organization. 95. P. 10. Retrieved 26 March 2009. ) Tourism is important, and in some cases, vital for many countries. It was recognized in the Manila Declaration on World Tourism of 1980 as “an activity essential to the life of nations because of its direct effects on the social, cultural, educational, and economic sectors of national societies and on their international relations. ” ( “Manila Declaration on World Tourism” http://www. Universe. Org/SMS/ Choruses/65. %unmanly. PDF . World lour’s conference. Manila, pineapples. 1 October 1980. Up. 1-4.

Tourism brings in large amounts of income in payment for goods and services available, creates opportunities for employment in the service sector of the economy, associated with tourism such as transportation services, such as airlines, cruise ships, and taxicabs; hospitality services, such as accommodations, including hotelman resorts; and entertainment venues, such as amusement parks, casinos, shopping malls, music venues, and theatres. ( “2012 Tourism Highlights” http://make. Unto. Org/sites/all/files/docked/anthologist’s Nell_1 . PDF . UNTO. June 2012.

Retrieved 17 June 2012. ) The World Tourism Organization (UNTO) forecasts that international tourism will continue growing at the average annual rate of With the advent of e- commerce, tourism products have become one of the most traded items on the internet. [citation needed]Tourism products and services have been made available through intermediaries, although tourism providers (hotels, airlines, etc. ), including small-scale operators, can sell their services directly [36] [37]. This has put pressure on intermediaries from both on-line and traditional shops.

It has been suggested there is a strong correlation between tourism expenditure per capita and the degree to which countries play in the global context. [38] Not only as a result of the important economic contribution of the tourism industry, but also as an indicator of the degree of confidence with which global citizens leverage the resources of the globe for the benefit of their local economies. This is why any projections of growth in tourism may serve as an indication of the relative influence that each country will exercise in the future.

Space tourism is expected to “take off in the first quarter of the 21st century, although compared with traditional destinations the number of tourists in orbit will remain low until technologies such as a space elevator make space travel cheap. [citation needed] Technological improvement is likely to make possible air-ship hotels, based either on solar-powered airplanes or lordliness’s. [citation needed] Underwater hotels, such as Hydrolysis, expected to open in Tuba in 2009, will be built. On the ocean, tourists will be welcomed by ever larger cruise ships and perhaps floating cities