Physical Development of Children

They learn simple satellites like grasping and sucking. At 3 months they learn how to smile and make eye contact. They learn to show that they are enjoying your company. Children learn how to show elements of routine. At 6 months children become very strong and may be able to roll over. They learn how to do many things like pushing up on their hands. At 9 months they become clear about the main people in their lives, at this stage they also may start to crawl. At 1 year they may start to walk by holding on to things and trying to stand up.

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Children also start to develop their own personality. At 2 years they start to climb and begin to play alongside others. They will like to play with other children and lastly the child doubles In height and weight. | 3-7 Years I At this stage children begin school, At this stage children begin school, Learn appropriate social skills, Are able to manage tasks, Able to use language well, Child learns how to hop, skip and climb, height and weight increases rapidly. At 3 years children begin to cope with separation, they also learn how to express themselves to others.

There physical skills Increase and they enjoy their own world play. At 4 years children begin school. They are able to use language well and fairly grammatically. Their behavior is cooperative although they need reassurance. At this stage children are also able to manage different types of tasks. At 5-6 years they can enjoy Jokes with friends and they develop very strong friendship. | 7-12 Years I At this stage children are usually busy and active, Have a good appetite, Improved health with few short Illnesses. At 7-9 years children develop cognitive development.

Children start to reason. They also start to develop reading and writing skills. They are able to complete tasks quicker. Friendship becomes more stable. At 10-12 years they prefer company of their friends. Their confidence increases. Reasoning and problem solving skills become more sophisticated. Puberty begins for many girls. Reading and writing skills develop, Successful in controlling their emotions and they begin comparing themselves to others. | 12-16 Years I At 12-16 years many changes occur from childhood to adulthood.

Changes In hormones, expectations desires etc. Conflicts with parents may occur. Friendship is seen as a source of support and a way of gaining identity. I LOL . 2-Evaluate how these stages of physical development relate to other areas of development. In completing this task, charts/ isograms could be used to accompany the descriptions. There are 5 areas of development that children and young people experience. Physical-The needs of the Intellectual-The needs of the mind. Language-communication. Emotional-our feelings. Social-our need for the company of others.

Physical development is effected by environment, poor nutrition, sickness and physical disability. Intellectual development is effected by brain damage, lack of understanding and depression. Language development is effected by lack of resources, learning disability &culture differences. Emotional development is effected by neglect, separation, lack of love (family) and self harm. Social development is effected by lack of self esteem and secondary solicitation. 0-3 years From the stages between 0-3 year’s children are learning their reflexes, about people around them, how to play alongside others etc.

During this stage it is very important that all children get every type development without any problems as this may cause harsh conditions for them in the future. Physical development relates to this stage because children are developing in many ways, such as they are learning how to walk, holding objects, learning about activities etc. They learn about their strength’s, so physical development takes a big part in this stage. Intellectual development relates to this stage because at this stage children learn about the power that the mind has.

They learn how to smile and make eye contact. They realist who the main people in their lives are. As they see these people all the time their mind remembers each person and knows that they are the main people that will be taking part in his/ her life. Language development is related to this stage because language learning starts at birth. They listen to the speech of those close to them, and startle or cry if here is an unexpected noise. Emotional development is related to this stage because in the beginning babies are programmed to seek out the things that they want by crying.

As they mature, though, children’s emotional capabilities expand, allowing them to develop a variety of skills that they will need in their adult lives. Emotional development encompasses the feelings that we have about ourselves and others, as well as our capabilities to function well in the world from a social standpoint. (Sedimentation. Co. UK 2000) Social development is related to this stage because most of the learning that young hillier do is through play, and building social competence is no different.

Typically, 2-3 year olds will initially play side-by-side, rather than directly with one another, but as they observe each other and become comfortable, the little ones will begin to interact and share toys. By preschool, kids become even more interactive, engaging each other in simple conversation. They will talk about the things that they did after school or on the weekend and respond positively to the stories of their friends. This give-and-take is a great step in social development as they work from being self- focused to other-focused. Sedimentation. Co. K 2000) 3-7 years From the stages between 3-7 years children begin school and they learn to cope with separation with their parents and people they are around all the time. Physical development is related to this stage because Physical development provides children with the abilities they need to explore and interact with the world around them. It is although the age at which they achieve them may differ from child to child. The physical development of young children must be encouraged through the provision of opportunities for them to be active and interactive and to improve their skills.

Papers. Com 2011) Intellectual development is related to this stage because children at this stage are learning how to talk so you need to be careful of what you say in front of them. Language development is related to this stage because children in this age range enjoy stories and can answer simple questions about them. He or she hears and understands nearly everything that is said to them at home or at pre- school or day care. Your child’s ability to hear properly all the time should not be in doubt. If you are in doubt about your child’s hearing, see a clinical audiologist.

If you are in doubt about language comprehension, see a speech-language pathologist. (Members. Tripod. Com 2010) Emotional development is related to this stage because by the time that they are school-aged, children begin to take pride in their ability to exert self-control, and enjoy the feedback that they receive from being responsible and cooperative. This presents parents and educators with the opportunity to foster desirable emotional responses by pointing out situations in which children behaved in mature, compassionate ways.

School aged children are also faced with their own unique challenges, of course, so parents must do all that they can to help kids to navigate unfamiliar situations. Sibling rivalry is common, which can be exasperating for parents who harbor hopes that their children will get along famously. Allowing the children to work things out for themselves is wise (unless the situation gets truly out of control) because each time that the kids resolve an issue, they take steps toward emotional maturity. Sedimentation. Co. UK 2000) Social development is related to this stage because as friendships develop, kids become increasingly aware of the feelings of other people, expressing happiness hen their friends are happy and showing empathy for a friend’s hurt feelings. They will also seek out their similarities, instinctively knowing that sharing common bonds is important to maintaining friendships. They will focus on favorite colors, foods, or games, and delight in the fact that they are alike in many ways.

Another common development as friendship capacity develops is a child’s desire to protect their friends. Friends stick together, and that lesson comes to most children during their school years as one friend goes through a difficulty and another’s instinct is to stand up for their troubled friend. Further bonded by their common experience, their loyalty to the friendship deepens. (Sedimentation. Co. UK 2000) 7-12 years From the stages between 7-12 years children develop cognitive development. At this stage children prefer the company of their friends.

Physical development is related to this stage because the physical development of children between ages 7 and 12 is slower than it had been in the early childhood years, and then it will be in adolescence. This stage of development is often referred to as “middle childhood. ” Physical changes that occur in a child in this stage include changes in activity levels, mental changes, and possible onset of puberty and maturation of small muscles. Intellectual development is related to this stage because Intellectual development consists of three very different perspectives cognitive, individual differences, and and language of a person.

While individual differences affect their personality, intelligence, motivation, and human needs. However, the behaviorism theory, which uses rewards and punishments, can also shape a person’s intellectual development. (Inconsiderableness. Co. UK 2007) Language development is related to this stage cause between this age range children are growing up and they want to learn their own and different languages. Emotional development is related to this stage because during the last half of the first year, infants begin expressing fear, disgust, and anger because of the maturation of cognitive abilities.

Anger, often expressed by crying, is a frequent emotion expressed by infants. As is the case with all emotional expressions, anger serves an adaptive function, signaling to caregivers of the infant’s discomfort or displeasure, letting them know that something needs to be changed or altered. Although some infants respond to distressing events with sadness, anger is more common. (Encyclopedia. Com 2011) Social development is related to this stage because at this stage children have made close friends who they like to spend most of their time with. They form a strong friendship bond. 2-16 years From the stages between 12-16 years many changes occur from childhood to adulthood. Changes in hormones, expectations desires etc. Conflicts with parents may occur. Friendship is seen as a source of support and a way of gaining identity. Physical development is related to this stage because the transition period between holding and adulthood encompasses ages 12 to 19. It is a time of tremendous change and discovery. During these years, physical, emotional, and intellectual growth occurs at a dizzying speed, challenging the teenager to adjust to a new body, social identity, and expanding world view. Clientèles. Com 2000) Intellectual development is related to this stage because this is the age when all the information actually starts to stay in the children’s minds. Language development is related to this stage because children at this age take part in new languages and experiment in other languages apart from their own language. Emotional development is related to this stage because the teen years can be turbulent (a true understatement! ), with additional stresses put on adolescents that they may not have encountered in the past.

Social and school responsibilities, coupled with a natural desire to make their own decisions without the input of their parents, can be cause for distress as well as opportunities for growth. Depending on the ten’s emotional development up to that point, adolescents may find themselves dealing with feelings of depression, anxiety, or helplessness, in which case, parents must do all that they can to ease their child’s stress level. Encouraging activities that promote self-esteem and a sense of community will serve teens well, since they are only steps away from taking full responsibility for their lives. Sedimentation. Co. UK 2000) Social development is related to this stage because at your coming in to your teens at this age children prefer the company of their friends and keep themselves in a small social circle with their close friends. Task 1 B-ALL. 1-For each stage identified in 1 . 1, describe the needs and requirements The factors that promote physical development are sleep, diet, growth, love and affection, environment, stimulation and health. -3 years have many needs and requirements which would help them develop. They need an appropriate environment according to their age.

By appropriate environment I mean that they should have enough space to move around, have toys that they could play with, make sure that the room they are in is safe for the children to play in and have their free will to do as they wish within limits. This would let them to learn and study things individually and independently. At this stage, diet is very important for the child as what they eat affects their health and growth because they need the suitable amount of nutrients in order to physically develop. Sleep is also required because that is when the child’s mind is at rest and they get to physically develop properly.

Love and affection may also make the child feel Joyful and stay happy with everything, stimulation is also very important. 3-7 years have a different need and requirements that help them develop. The environment they now need is different to 0-3 years of age. They need small tables and chairs where they could eat and do their activities on, they need different types of attention from adults and they start to become independent. They start learning how to read and write. They eat solid foods at this tag for example fruits and vegetables which contain the nutrients they need for their body.

The way they show their love and affection is through physical activities for example, hugging and they expect it in return too. At this stage children need a nap during the day in order for them to give their mind a rest and physically develop because children develop more while they are asleep. 7-12 years also have different needs and requirements than others. They keep an environment loud and entertained as they are growing up and becoming more physically active. They usually want what they do not have and want what others do have. They eat proper meals at this stage and are in the process of growing and reaching adulthood.

They begin to have sexual desires by the age of 12 and aren’t very close to family as they make friends and are closer to them as they think that parents will not understand and their friends will be able to as they are in the same age group and they think that they can rely on each other. They develop their writing and various other skills. 12-16 years also have different needs and requirements than others. This is when the major changes occur in the child because they change from childhood to adulthood. They may start having relationships at this stage and become a lot more independent than before.

They start to do activities on their own and are able to make certain decisions for themselves. They are still in need of guidance because they don’t fully know what to do. What children need at this stage is for their parents to allow them to experience different things, make mistakes and learn from them. They should also be able to make their own decisions without others interfering and do what they feel to do with their own life as they will not always have someone behind them when they need someone, so they should learn how to sort things out n their own. Children between these ages usually eat what they want.

They also have a fixed time of sleeping routine so that they get enough sleep as their health requires. B) ALL. 2-Assess the importance of the above factors in relation to promoting the physical development of children. Painting them to develop their 5 motor skills. Disadvantage- Painting is a messy activity which may get hard to clean up; some children can have reactions to paint. Role plays Advantages: Role play promotes team work and helps the children learn how to work in a group. It also develops children’s communication skills as they talk amongst each there to discuss their roles.

Disadvantages: Not all children can take part verbally which can cause children to be withdrawn from the group and they could also feel lonely, this could affect them in many ways. Cooking Advantages: Cooking also promotes team work as each child will get a different role to play while cooking e. G. , reading recipes, stirring, etc. This also promotes learning; as you are cooking you learn different types of recipes which promote learning. Cooking develops taste buds as you are eating different types of food they start realizing what everything tastes like.

Disadvantages: During cooking you could injure ourselves as there are knifes involved but obviously you take extra care when you’re working with children but there is always a chance were they could get hurt. Not all children may like cooking and they may have allergies that they do not know about. Football Advantages: Football promotes strength in muscles as playing football is a form of exercise. Playing football will help with the children’s coordination. This also promotes team work as you cannot play football on your own you need to be able to work in a team.

Disadvantages: Football can cause injury as they are running around. Some children may not like football. Task 4-eliminative and research the following criteria: *ALL. 2-Assess a suitable environment for childcare safety This is a nursery that is carefully selected for young children. Advantages: As you can see most of the toys are soft and age appropriate, this means that it is safe for the children to play with them and not be in any danger. There are soft mats on floor so the children do not hurt themselves while they are walking around on the floor. The chairs are small for the children to fit in to without getting hurt.

They are also low chairs so it does not get difficult for them to try to get on to them. The floor is clean so as the children are crawling on the floor they will not get any bacteria or any dirt inside them. You can also see that there is a lot of space for the children to walk around and play without causing danger to one another. The windows are high up so the children cannot open the windows them self or cause any sort of danger from it. The room is also very colorful and bright which will make the children feel happy and full of energy. The colorful room will help the children learn about the different types of colors.

This nursery offers a structured environment, because were hillier are studying, everything needs to be planned according to their needs. The nursery staff work closely together as they will need to help each other in order to handle the children and keep them away from any sort of danger or to make sure they have everything that they may need. Children. As you can see some children are not being supervised. It is very important to keep an extra eye on children that are between the ages of 2+, because at this age the children obviously do not have a clue of what is happening around them.

This is where the staff should always have a close eye on each child so they know that they re out of danger. There are a few toys on the floor which could cause the children to trip over them and hurt themselves. Also the table edges do not look safe, the children can still manage to get hurt with them. Children are less likely to get the one-to-one care as there is not enough staff for each child and some people say that very young children do better in one-to-one environments.

Babies, in particular, need a lot of love and attention to thrive and do well, and if they do not get enough attention and love from the staff they may feel lonely and become isolated from the group. Even though the toys look age appropriate, children can still manage to hurt themselves with it. For example, as some toys look hard one child can throw it at another which can cause injury or even harm themselves without even realizing. *LOS. 1 -Explain, using your chosen environment, the features of a safe environment for physical development.

When no sharp edges are visible this will make it safer for the children because they will not get hurt or get scratched by the edges on the tables etc. In this environment you can see that no sharp edge can be seen, this means the children are safe from being hurt or scratched. Fire alarms is very important as this keeps the children out of danger and will know when a hazard occurs so they can get safely out of the area without putting the children in any sort of harm. Having age appropriate toys and activities keeps the children out of danger of hurting themselves with it.

This environment show that there are only toys that the children can actually play with and not hurt themselves with it or give themselves any sort of injury. While working with children there should always be qualified staff as they know what they are doing and are experienced so they will know what to do when some sort of problem occurs. If the furniture is too high or too big for the children they can hurt themselves while trying to get on them so it is a good idea if the furniture is danger free and small enough for the children to fit in to.

So you should have appropriate furniture. If the area is clean then there is no chance that the children will ever fall over or trip over any objects on the floor etc. Without the environment being clean you cannot make it safe for the children as they can trip and fall over and injure themselves. A nursery place can be seen as a stable and reliable form of childcare, because the nursery will still be open regardless of whether one career is sick or late. Toddlers can benefit from the opportunity to mix and socialism with other children, as it can help them to gain confidence.